Dubai Natural Handcrafted Soap - Dubai Natural Handcrafted Soap is your source in Dubai, UAE for natural, luxurious, handmade soap created using a mix of high grade and luxury oils that always include Olive oil. This makes soap that is very suited to sensitive, dry or problem skins. It is for those who value their skins and want a naturally good product from an ethical producer. Saboo Arabia offer a range of soaps that are made either with or without fragrances.
Dubai Natural Handcrafted Soap are handmade in small batches using nourishing rice bran oil, coconut oil, palm oil, organic shea and cocoa butters. We add pure essential oils in some bars and high quality fragrance oils in others to bring you therapeutic and pleasant aroma experiences. We also add cleansing and nutrient-rich clays and botanicals to specialty bars for specific skin types and issues. All bars are 95%-100% natural.
Our Hand Crafted Soaps are made from only the finest Natural Ingredients in small batches in our soap kitchens at our soap factory. We take a great deal of pride and care in making soap. Our Soap Alchemist has tested each of his formulas to ensure that only the best soaps are sent to your home and would not put anything in the soap he would not use on his on body.
Each batch is carefully hand made from start to finish and then hand cut and carefully hand packaged and sealed before being sent to your door. Where possible, we use organic oils. The color of the various bars comes from the natural oils in the bars. The color can be different, varying by batch. This is because of the harvest the oils came from. We use oils that have a healthy value as the base oils in the soap.
As with all soaps, it is not meant for your eyes but is great on every other part of your body. Our soaps are for your whole body. Some people use our soaps for washing their hair as well. Our bars contain a range of oils. Take Jojoba oil, it is a wonderful oil for soap, lending moisturizing and emollient properties. Jojoba is also one of the more expensive oils. Our Soap Alchemist doesn’t skimp though. The soap is created with you in mind, as a friend, giving you a soap that is truly a good soap, not a commercial process.
Our soaps are sold in two sizes. We have a Hand and Face bar as well as an All Over Body bar. (Since our soap is hand made and cut, there can be a minor difference in the final weight and color of the hand cut bars.) All bars are wrapped as shown.
We hope that you find as much enjoyment out of using our soaps as we do in crafting them. We’re sure that once you try our Hand Crafted Soaps, you will never again want to purchase another commercially made bar or bottle of liquid soap again!
Also known as “handmade soap” or “homemade soap”, handcrafted soap is a blend of both science and art.
Handcrafted soap comes in a wide array of colors, scents, shapes, sizes and formulations. It can be playful and fun or designed for serious skin care. Whatever your needs, chances are there is a soapmaker making handcrafted soap that is perfect for you.
Also known as “handmade soap” or “homemade soap”, handcrafted soap is a blend of both science and art. By combining the scientific knowledge of the last 150 years and the artistic creativity of the soapmaker, each bar is safe, luxurious and unique.
There are several types of handcrafted soap. The actual soap can be made from scratch by the cold or hot process methods or the soapmaker might utilize a ready-made soap base.
Regardless of the method, the Handcrafted Soap Makers Guild recognizes any soap made by these methods to be handcrafted so long as at least 50% of the process, from creating the soap to additives and embellishments and on to the final packaging, is done by hand.
Handcrafted soapmakers generally pride themselves on their unique recipes, developed to create their signature soaps. Soap ingredients are usually food-quality, natural ingredients starting with a variety of vegetable oils such as olive, coconut, or palm, or purified tallow or lard. To these the soapmaker might add specialized oils, nut butters or seed extracts to bring the desired qualities to the finished bar.
Either fragrance oils or plant-based essential oils are typically added for scent. For color or texture, soapmakers often use cosmetic-grade pigments or dyes, botanicals, herbs, spices or other natural ingredients. For those with sensitivities, many soapmakers also make “simple soap” with no additives or scent.
Handcrafted soap comes in all sorts of shapes and sizes. Soap is liquid when first made, and is then poured into molds to harden. The mold used determines the final shape of the bar, whether molded individually in uniquely shaped molds, or into “loaf” or “bar” molds which are subsequently cut into individual soap bars.
Combinations of techniques can create even more individualized soaps, such as “cupcake” soaps, which use a cupcake-shaped mold for the bottom and then colored soap applied as “frosting”. Many cake-decorating techniques have been used by artistic soapmakers to make very realistic-looking types of “pastry” soaps. Small custom molded soap pieces embedded in a larger bar or two or more colored soaps swirled together produce distinctive, artistic soaps.
In addition to all the wonderful ingredients that may be in handcrafted soap and the many different techniques that may be employed, perhaps the biggest advantage of handcrafted soap is in the soapmakers themselves, each of whom invests care and attention to detail into every batch and bar.
When you use a bar of handcrafted soap, you know it was made with the personal touch of a local soapmaker.
How is Soap Made?
Handcrafted soap can be made from scratch, by either hot or cold process, or created from a ready-made soap base. The method(s) chosen by a soapmaker are based on personal preference and the desired end result. In some cases, a final soap may contain both soap from scratch and ready-made soap base.
Made From Scratch
Handcrafted soaps made from scratch require three ingredients to become soap: oil (animal or vegetable oil, not petroleum-based oil), water and lye. These three ingredients, mixed together in correct proportions, combine and chemically change into soap – a process called “saponification”. They may include other ingredients to provide additional benefits or to color or scent the soap, but these are not part of the chemical process that results in basic soap.
An accurate recipe is necessary, in order to ensure that the right amount of lye is used for the specific oils selected. A lye calculator can be used to calculate the right amount of lye, although it can also be calculated based on the type and quantity of oils being used.
The solid lye is mixed with water to dissolve it. The amount of water depends on the particular recipe, but is usually 2 to 3 times the amount of lye, based on weight. When the lye is added to the water the solution gets hot. It is important to remember that lye is highly caustic and can cause severe burns if it comes in contact with skin for more than a few seconds. Proper protective gear, including at least gloves and goggles, should be used when handling lye or incomplete soap.
Cold Process Soap
The term “cold process” refers to the fact that no heat is applied during soapmaking.
The lye solution is normally cooled to room temperature before it is added to the oils. The oils are then heated as necessary to melt any solid fats or butters and generally cooled to between 80° – 110° F, depending on the recipe formulation.
Once the lye solution and oils are at the desired temperature, they are combined together and mixed. As mixing continues, the mixture will gradually thicken. It will also get warmer, sometimes quite hot, depending on the starting temperature and the formulation. This is the chemical reaction of the oils and lye becoming soap.
Once the mixture has reached “trace” (the point at which mixture dribbled from a spoon will leave a brief trace on the surface), any other ingredients (scent, color, herbs, clays, etc) are added to the soap and thoroughly incorporated.
At that point, the soap is ready to be poured into molds. The entire batch can be poured into one mold, to be cut up after it solidifies, or the soap can be poured into individual molds, depending on the preference of the soapmaker and the formulation. Once in the mold, the soap is left to cool and finish the saponification process. Often it is insulated in the mold to slow the cooling process and increase the saponification time.
Once the soap is completely cool and solid, it can be unmolded. If it was poured into one mold, this is the time to cut it into bars. The soap will be solid, but should be soft enough to cut.
The final stage is curing the soap for 3 – 8 weeks to allow the excess water to evaporate out. The length of time will depend on the amount of water used in the soap as well as the temperature, relative humidity and air circulation where they are located. The soap can be used before then, but it will still be relatively soft. The longer the water is allowed to evaporate out of the soap, the harder the soap will be.
Hot Process Soap
“Hot process” soap refers to the fact that an outside source of heat is applied to make the soap. With hot process soap, the lye solution and oils are mixed together and then an outside source of heat is used to keep the temperature up. The added heat reduces the time needed to ensure the chemical process (saponification) is completed.
Once the soap is completed, it is still in liquid form because of the higher temperatures (essentially, it is soap in a “melted” form). When fully saponified, it can be poured into molds in the same manner as cold process soap, and cut as needed when cooled and hardened.
Because hot process soap is fully saponified when poured into the molds, no additional time is needed in the molds to complete the process. Hot process soap may still be cured to allow additional water evaporation to harden the bars, although less curing time, if any, is generally needed.
Once the bars, whether made by cold or hot process are sufficiently cured and hardened, they can be packaged as desired and, of course, used!
Ready-Made Soap Base
Ready-Made soap base is already soap, so all the steps necessary to producing the soap itself are eliminated. The soapmaker’s concentration can be focused on the artistic, aesthetic and beneficial aspects of the soap.
Also referred to as “melt and pour” or “MP” soap, ready-made soap base comes in a solid block. Following the manufacturer’s directions, the soap is heated up in order to melt it into a liquid state. At that point, colors, scents and other ingredients can be added to the soap. Once the additives are incorporated into the soap, it is poured into molds and allowed to cool and solidify. Once hardened, it can be unmolded and is ready for packaging and/or use.
Ready-Made Soap base is available as both clear or opaque soap and is especially useful for specialty shaped soaps for which a wide variety of individual molds are available. With the versatility of ready-made soap base, soapmakers have a wide range of creative possibilities, including placing colorful embeds of soap or even toys in soap or producing soaps that look like food or other items.
Types of Handcrafted Soap
While the chemical reaction that creates soap is always the same, different types of soaps can be made by different methods, all still relying upon that basic chemical reaction that occurs (see How is Soap Made for more information on the actual processes used.
Cold Process Soap - Cold process soapmaking is the method most often used by soapmakers who make soap from scratch. It’s called “cold” process because no additional heat is added during the soapmaking process, however the process itself does generate heat.
Soaps produced via the cold process method are opaque and usually have a creamy feel to the bar. Without any additives that change the color, the soap ranges from white-white to creamy-tan, depending on the oils used in making the soap.
The feel of the lather varies, also dependent upon the oils used to make the soap. The lather can range from tiny, very slippery, long-lasting bubbles (as with pure olive oil soap), to big, fluffy, short-lived bubbles (as with pure coconut oil soap).
The hardness of the bar is determined by the selection of oils, the amount of water used and how long the soap was dried. Cold process soaps will continue to get harder as they age because additional water evaporates out of the soap.
Most cold process soaps are made with a combination of oils, in a recipe developed by the soapmaker to create a good lather and hard bar, as well as to provide benefits with additional ingredients.
Hot Process Soap - In hot process soapmaking, additional heat is applied to the soap mixture. The chemical reaction is the same, but occurs faster than in cold process soapmaking. Because of the additional heat, the finished soap bar tends to feel smoother to the touch. The hardness of the bar again depends on the selection of oils, amount of water used in the process and length of time allowed for water to evaporate out of the finished bar.
As with cold process soap, the hot process soap is opaque and ranges from white-white to creamy-tan depending on the oils used, although clear soaps can be produced (see “Transparent Soap” below).
The type and quality of the lather and other benefits of the soap are determined by the oils and other ingredients selected to make the soap.
Liquid Soap - Liquid soap is usually made with the hot process method, The soap ends up liquid because a different type of lye is used (potassium hydroxide instead of sodium hydroxide) and more water is added. Liquid soaps are typically off-white to amber colored, depending on the oils used. Most liquid soaps are clear or mostly clear.
As a side note, most commercial “liquid soap” or “soft soap” is not true soap; it is made with synthetic detergents.
Transparent Soap - Transparent Soap is made by the hot process method, with some added ingredients and steps in the process to make the soap clear. There are a few highly-skilled handcrafted soapmakers who produce transparent soap from scratch, but a majority of handcrafted transparent soaps on the market are produced from a ready-made soap base.
“Glycerin” Soap - Glycerin is a by-product of the chemical reaction of the soapmaking process. In commercial soaps, the glycerin is typically removed, purified and then sold for other uses including food, cosmetics, various industrial production and explosive manufacturing. The method for removing the glycerin from soap is complex and requires considerable equipment and skill. As a result, all handcrafted soaps made from scratch retain the glycerin (and all it’s beneficial properties) and so are all technically “glycerin soap”.
Subsequently, the term “glycerin soap” is somewhat of a misnomer. Most people using the term “glycerin soap” are, in fact, referring to transparent soap.
Ready-Made Soap Bases - Rather than make soap from scratch, some soapmakers choose to purchase ready-made soap bases which are melted down, have color, scent or other ingredients added and are then poured into molds.
The benefit to using a ready-made soap base is that the chemical reaction which produces soap has already occurred, making it easier for the soapmaker to craft elegantly and uniquely shaped and colored soaps. Many of the artistic presentations of handcrafted soap can only be created with a ready-made soap base.
A ready-made soap base may be a “true soap” (made via the chemical reaction referred to above) or could include synthetic detergents as all or a portion of its ingredients.
What is “Handcrafted” Soap?
The concept of “handcrafted”, frequently means different things to different people. Since this term is key to the whole of the Handcrafted Soap and Cosmetic Guild, it is important that the definition of handcrafted being used is understood and agreed upon.
The processes of making and selling handcrafted soap and cosmetics are complex and involve many steps. These may include creating the recipe; measuring and mixing; adding scent and color; creating the shape by molding, cutting and/or trimming; selecting containers and closures, designing and creating packaging; as well as marketing, displaying and selling the final product. Depending on the methodology of the individual, some of these steps are done “by hand” through creative and artistic expression of a pre-fabricated base or all of these steps are done “by hand” beginning with the raw ingredients.
For the purposes of the Handcrafted Soap and Cosmetic Guild, a soap or cosmetic is deemed to be “handcrafted” if:
- A majority of the time, energy and processes used in its creation by the handcrafter are “by hand”, and
- A minimal use of mechanized equipment is employed, and
- The product manufacture is overseen manually, not by an automated system.
Handcrafted soaps made from scratch require three things to become soap: oil, water and lye. They may have other ingredients to provide additional benefits, or to color or scent the soap.
The soapmaking process will work with any animal or vegetable fat or oil, but not with petroleum- based oils.
In olden times, soap was typically made with the most available oils/fats – those from animals. Lard and tallow make excellent soaps, but their limited availability resulted in the use of vegetable oils as a suitable alternative.
In current times, the majority of handcrafted soaps use a base oil blend of olive, coconut or palm kernel, soy and/or palm oils. These oils are known to produce a nice hard bar that has good lathering qualities.
In addition to the base oils, soapmakers often add a small percentage of specialty oils to bring additional benefits to the soap. Specialty oils may include castor, apricot, avocado, almond, jojoba, hemp or other nut or seed oils, or butters such as cocoa, mango or shea butter.
Yes, lye is necessary in all handcrafted soaps made from scratch. It is the reaction between the lye and the oils that produces soap. Once that reaction (called saponification) is complete, all of the lye is converted into soap; there is no lye remaining in the finished soap bar.
There are two types of lye used by soapmakers – sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide. Sodium hydroxide is used to make solid soap; potassium hydroxide is used to make liquid soaps. A combination of the two is used to make cream soaps.
Water is used to create the lye solution that is mixed into the oils. The amount of water is dependent on the specific soap recipe, but it must be enough to allow the lye and oil molecules to get together and make soap, but not so much as to result in a soft bar of soap. Much of the water evaporates out of the soap as it cures and ages.
Handcrafted Soaps are generally scented using either plant-based essential oils or fragrance oils, depending on the preferences of the soapmaker and consumer.
Plant-based Essential Oils
As the name implies, essential oils come from plants and are generally considered “natural”. There are several methods for extracting the essential oils, but even so the range of possible scents is limited. Perfumers, and soapmakers who have experience blending essential oils, can produce some amazing scents with just essential oils. Some essential oils are extremely expensive making it unrealistic to use them in true soaps. Real rose essential oil, for example, takes 5,000 pounds of rose petals to produce just 16 oz, which may cost over $3,000.
Fragrance oils are synthesized from aromatic chemical compounds which are then blended to produce the scents we know and recognize. Some fragrance oils blends may include essential oils or “nature identical compounds” (compounds which are produced in a laboratory but have the same molecular structure as those found in nature).
Most food-like fragrances (i.e. butter, coffee, chocolate) or fruity scents (i.e. apple, blackberry, cucumber, mango) are synthesized fragrance oils. Soap scented as real florals, such as jasmine, lilac, or rose are usually made with fragrance oils as essential oils from these flowers are either impossible or extremely expensive to produce.
Dyes, which must be approved by the FDA before being used in soaps or cosmetics, pigments and mica are often used to change the color of soap. In fact, any ingredient used in a soap or cosmetic for the purpose of changing the color must be on the list of FDA approved colorants, and must be approved for the specific use. For example, some colorants are not approved for use on lips, others are not approved for use in eye products.
In addition to color additives, some specialty ingredients may cause the color of the soap to change. For example, adding french green clay to a soap will cause it to have a green color, cinnamon will turn the soap brown and paprika will turn it orange. These ingredients are not used specifically to change the color of the soap, but for other properties they bring to the finished product (although the color change is something that a soapmaker must keep in mind when formulating a specific type of soap).
A wide range of specialty ingredients can be added to soap, either for aesthetic or beneficial reasons. Various herbs, such as sage, lavender, chamomile or peppermint can be added to soap or applied to the outside of the soap bar. Oatmeal, cornmeal or pumice may be added to create an exfoliating soap. Cosmetic ingredients, such as silk amino acids, may be combined into the soap for their skin-beneficial qualities.
True soaps, made from oil, lye and water, don’t generally require preservatives. You will rarely find preservatives added to handcrafted soap. Ready-made soap bases may contain or require preservatives.
Ready-Made Soap Bases
Ready-made soap bases may have additional ingredients necessary to make the soap able to be melted down and poured into molds or as a preservative. They can be made as “true soap” or be based partially or completely on synthetic detergents.
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